The report also points to a significant population of women — about 52% of those surveyed — in the city suffering from anaemic. The numbers are much the same at the state-level.
Anaemia, caused primarily due to iron deficiency, is a condition which is marked by low levels of haemoglobin in the blood. Over the last four years, Telangana has seen a substantial increase in prevalence of anaemic cases among children and adults, according to the NFHS-5 report for 2019-20.
Figures indicate that 70 per cent children between six months and five years of age, 58 per cent women and 15 percent men in Telangana are anaemic. In fact, according to the report, the overall prevalence of anaemia among children increased from 61% in NFHS-4 released in 2014-15 to 70% in NFHS-5 for 2019-20 released recently.
“Poor dietary habits result in lack of iron deficiency that in turn leads to anaemia. Not just this, anaemia is also caused due to hookworms that are most common among children who play in the mud and eat their food without washing their hands,” said Dr Sudarshan Reddy, general physician at Nithya Clinic.
Doctors say the deficiency results in weakness, diminished physical and mental capacity, increased morbidity from infectious diseases, impaired cognitive performance. Children of mothers who have anaemia are found to be more susceptible.
Highlighting that incidence of anaemia is high among women too, the survey shows 58 per cent women in Telangana suffer from it — 22 per cent with mild anaemia, 31 per cent with moderate anaemia and 5 per cent with severe anaemia.
“Since women lose a lot of blood during their menstrual cycle, they are more susceptible to be anaemic. Most women have haemoglobin in the range of 9 to 11 grams per deciliter while for men it is around 13. Worse, women tend to neglect signs of anaemia,” said Dr Hari Kishan Boorugu, consultant physician, Yashoda Hospitals, Somajiguda urging women to seek medical help in case of prolonged fatigue and weakness.